Manufacturing of honey oil
One of the most common cannabis transformations is honey oil. It was invented in the 19th century by American pharmaceutists and was highly praised by medics as the most adequate substitute to opium (same analgesic and calming effects without constipations and loosing appetite). Many medical drugs contained it then, however nowadays they are either out of production or do not contain tetrahydrocannabinol.
It is separated from the plant with various methods. It can be either runny or thick, dependent on its purity. Hot metal with specially made vaporizers is a basic tool for the manufacturing process. Smoking for the bed of ashes is also a proper method. Usually, all parts of the plant are used. That helps to cut expenses. But some makers prefer using flowers only. If solvents other than butane are used, the concentration of cannabidoids is higher. Such different from butane solvents are ethanol, methanol, hexane or others. Oil produced with butane only can be referred to as honey oil. Butane gives the product a specific golden color similar to the one of the honey. Oil made with the use of other solvents is named hash oil. One of the most common solvents is isopropyl alcohol. The reason for this is its low price, high availability and many other non-criminal uses. The problem with it is its boiling temperature which is rather high. That makes removing isopropyl alcohol from the oil fairly difficult. The other problem that butane does not have( perhaps that is a reason why it is the second most common solvent) is the following: it should be put into cannabis and got out of it as fast as possible otherwise it starts to dissolve some natural components of cannabis like chlorophyll that will degrade the qualities of the oil. That problem goes for all kinds of oil with usage of alcohols like ethanol and naphtha. Many complaints for headaches or dizziness after introducing such oil have been reported. The taste of the oil is worse too.
The physiological and psychological of hash oil are not different from cannabis. However the concentration of psychoactive elements is much higher due to purity of the product. It is usually introduced orally, mixed with honey or other sweet products. The other way of using is saturating tobacco or marijuana with it. Hash oil is so active that one or two drops of it on a cigarette with tobacco equivalents a whole marijuana cigarette. The most exotic variant of introduction is putting it on a hot knife and inhaling it directly from it. That has certain dangers, of course, especially when THC starts to act.
We can summarize that honey oil may be a great substitute for hash. It has really many benefits and its easy to produce, store and introduce. However it is not so popular on the black market – the last massive launch of this substance was registered in 1970s in the USA. It was produced and launched by The Brotherhood of Eternal Love – and informal organization famous for their long and successful actions in production and selling high quality cannabis based psychoactive substances.